Durham University researchers carried out a review of UK low carbon community programmes regarding social justice and implications of current policies. Based on the review, 2 communities were selected for further investigation and explored as case studies – Brixton (South London) and Berwick-Upon-Tweed (Northumberland). Field work was undertaken in both case areas including interviews with project leaders, local government, and community actors; attendance of meetings and events; and documentary analysis of promotional material and websites. The research showed that policy attention has so far focused on justice on the national and international levels with little attention paid to local community level. Findings have outlined the need to appreciate both procedural and distributed aspects of justice across 3 different dimensions: responsibility, rights, and recognition.