Academic research carried out by Cardiff University and the National Research University Higher School of Economics regarding energy transitions in Wales. 30 semi-structured interviews with households and additional expert interviews were carried out between 2016-2019. The research brought forward new discourses around disadvantaged everyday forms of engagement with energy and the low carbon energy transition, Specifically, drawing on insight shared by all interviewees, the research demonstrates the multi-dimensional and multi-scalar character of energy peripheralisation, including prominent discourses around political underrepresentation, the absence of economic agglomeration advantages, and dependence on off-grid fuels, energy inefficient homes and other ‘backward’ technologies and practices that further disadvantage the region in energy transition processes.